Silencer Laws
NFA Wait Times: Complete Guide 2024

NFA Wait Times: Complete Guide 2024

NFA Wait Times: Complete Guide 2024

Despite living in a time when private companies can generate complete profiles of a person in just moments, the ATF seems unable to perform the basic task of processing a background check and issuing a tax stamp in any sort of timely fashion.

This has led to unbelievably long wait times to buy or transfer NFA items – sometimes a year or more! NFA wait times are infamous for the snail’s pace at which applications are processed. But why is that the case? Is there a way to speed up the process? And is there hope that the ATF might actually process applications in a timely fashion someday? We’ll get into all of that, but first, let’s look at the current length of wait times.


Right now, paper Form 4s have the longest processing time, while eFiled Form 1s for trusts process the quickest. (Well, technically, Form 3s are fastest, but that’s not one of the two forms you’re most likely to be concerned with. More on Form 3s later.) The wait time is based on how quickly the ATF systems and staff can verify the information on the forms and process background checks.

Wait Times for eFile and Paper Forms (Per ATF, 5/1/23):

Currently Receiving Approvals From:
ATF Form 1eFile: 40 days
Paper: 45 days
ATF Form 3eFile: 7 days
Paper: 14 days
ATF Form 4eFile: 232 days
Paper: 312 days


Per the ATF as of May 1, 2023, paper Form 4 wait times are 312 days and eFile Form 4 wait times are 232 days.

ATF Form


To get the status of your transfer from the ATF, call the NFA Branch directly at: (304) 616-4500.

You will need to provide your name (or the name of your trust or corporation), the serial number of the suppressor, and the name of the transferor. For the transferor information, please use the name we sent you in the confirmation email when your electronic transfer was submitted. ATF will confirm you are in the system and will give you an estimate for when to expect the approval.

IMPORTANT: They don’t know exactly when your transfer will be approved – it is just an estimate.


This is a simple question with a not-so-simple answer. There are several different forms used to make or transfer NFA items. The processing time can depend on the filing method (paper vs. eFiling) and whether or not the form is filed in the name of an individual, corporation, trust, or dealer-to-dealer transfer.

The most common ATF forms for NFA firearms are the ATF Form 1, ATF Form 3, and ATF Form 4. Here’s what these forms are used for:

  • ATF Form 1: Required for the manufacture of a firearm or suppressor
  • ATF Form 3: Required for transfers between licensed dealers and/or manufacturers
  • ATF Form 4: Required when transferring the item from a dealer to an end-user

These forms can be electronically filed or submitted with a paper application in the name of a gun trust, corporation, or individual. Each type of form and each type of ownership type is processed differently by the ATF and at different speeds.

For example, a Form 1 in the name of a trust only has to verify the trust and the criminal record(s) of the person or persons named on the application. When submitted digitally, it is a simple matter to verify all that with computer databases. Because the gun or suppressor is being manufactured, there is no need to verify the existence and accurate inputting of information on a firearm to be transferred, so these move very fast.

On the other hand, a paper-filed Form 4 has to be manually input into the system to check the information, and the information for the transferred item also has to be verified. This can take a long time, especially on older NFA items where record-keeping can be particularly shoddy. In fact, some NFA items require extensive research to identify in old records. This certainly can increase the wait time!


When you look at the stats, you can see that eFiling is generally faster. This is only logical because there is no need to manually input information on paper forms, and it is immediately readable. Paper forms require manual oversight to ensure accuracy, and if any part of it is illegible or difficult to make out, the processing time will increase. This is especially true if the examiner has to contact the applicant to verify or clarify the forms. This isn’t so much an issue on an eFiled form as long as it is correctly filled out.

In this day and age, there is simply no reason not to be using ATF eForms. If you have trouble using a computer or don’t have one, we strongly recommend getting help with the process from somebody familiar with digital documents. It will speed up your application process a lot. Like most NFA dealers, Silencer Central relies heavily on digital documents to speed up the application process for our customers and to ensure error-free record keeping.


When transferring or making an NFA item you have the option to file as an individual, trust or corporation. We examine the pros and cons of each option in our post on how to buy a suppressor and note that the vast majority of our customers end up opting for our free gun trust. The advantages of putting an NFA item in the name of a trust outweigh all other factors for nearly all people. Using a trust allows for easy estate planning and for multiple users to have full legal access to an NFA item. It also simplifies most transfer and sales procedures.


Silencer Central’s eZ-Pay Plan allows you to begin the ATF paperwork immediately while you make four affordable payments (a down payment plus three equal monthly payments) while your NFA items are pending ATF approval. Submitting your down payment of 25% allows us to file your transfer paperwork with the ATF while you pay off your balance over the next three months.

Once your eZ-Pay Plan balance is paid in full and your transfer is approved by the ATF, you can pick up your items from Silencer Central (SD residents), at a Gun Show, or have them shipped to your front door.  We are licensed in all 42 states where silencers are legal, so there’s no need to find an FFL in your area.

Get a hold of us today and get started on your journey to silencer ownership!